No matter what form it takes, negative behavior directed at you hurts. If you’re pushed, hit, or your things are ripped off or trashed, it hurts. If you’re ignored by friends, humiliated by the actions of a classmate, or cruel things are posted about you online, it hurts. If it happens to you, you’ve probably asked yourself, “Why me?” You know how painful it is to be treated this way.
So seriously, if you think you are being bullied what can you do? A lot! It’s not always easy to know what you should do, but it’s important to know that you have options. These steps will help you with ideas.
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Bullying can happen to anyone—and it’s not always so simple to recognize. Read each of the following questions and check any boxes that you think might apply to you.
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The more boxes you checked, the more likely it is you are being bullied. Remember, NO ONE deserves to be bullied and EVERYONE has the right to be safe. The next step is to start thinking through possible next steps.
It’s important to know that bullying can happen to anyone—and it’s not always so easy to recognize. If you are trying to determine if you’re experiencing bullying, take a look at the checklist below. Read each of the following questions and check any boxes you think might apply to your situation.
If you are experiencing bullying, think through some of the issues you may encounter, as well as how you can take action.
The issue: I don’t want to tell anyone.
How to take action: Tell someone you trust.
Those who bully depend on their targets being silent, as it allows their behavior to continue without consequences. Your natural reaction to bullying might be to isolate yourself from peers and family; it may be too painful, hurtful, or embarrassing to even talk about. And yes, it can be really hard to talk about what’s happening. As difficult as it might be, it’s important to connect with someone and share what you are going through. Ideally, you’ll talk about it with a parent or an adult whom you trust. If you don’t feel comfortable telling an adult, start by confiding in a friend and asking them to help you sort through your situation with a goal of talking to an adult about it.
The issue: I don’t want to be called a snitch.
How to take action: Recognize that the goal of using that label is to silence you.
Reporting is sharing legitimate information to protect yourself or another person. Tattling is more commonly done with ulterior motives, such as to intentionally get another person into trouble. When you are being bullied, the person bullying you may try to keep you silent by trying to shame you into thinking you are doing something wrong by telling. They want you to be silent so that there are no consequences for their behavior.
The issue: I already told someone, and nothing changed.
How to take action: Don’t give up; tell another person.
If you told an adult about a bullying situation and it wasn’t helpful, continue to be a self-advocate. Know that you have the right to speak up for yourself and let another adult know what you need to feel safe. As a next step, think through who else you can tell, such as a parent, a school administrator, a favorite teacher, a counselor, or another adult in the community who you trust. Then share important information with them, either in person or in writing.
Make sure to include:
Sometimes it’s helpful to remind the adults you speak with about the laws or school’s bullying prevention policy that outline their responsibility in handling bullying situations. Then, ask for advice and their help to address the situation.
The issue: I was told this was just the way it is.
How to take action: Know there are laws designed to address bullying.
There are state and federal laws that provide protections against bullying and harassment. In general, schools will have a bullying prevention policy, which addresses the right to be safe at school. Research your school’s policy about bullying prevention, state laws that apply to bullying, and how to report inappropriate behavior to social media. Learn, on your own or with the help of others, how each of these can be used to assert your rights.
You may have additional protections under federal law when the bullying is about:
State and local laws may provide additional protections on other bases, including sexual orientation.
The issue: It’s only happening online.
How to take action: Document, block, and report.
There are three main action steps when bullied on social media, texting, or other electronic means.
The issue: I’m told that I don’t fit in.
How to take action: Find others with similar interests. Learn to embrace and nurture what sets you apart.
There’s so much pressure to try to fit in when you’re a teen. Yet, the irony is that no two people are the same. Think through what you like to do, and then seek opportunities to connect with those that share your interests. It might be hard to recognize right now, but the very attributes, talents, or interests that you are being teased about are often the traits that eventually become your strengths. Think about the person interested in technology who could go on to pursue that computer science degree, or the child who spends all their time reading and grows up to write best-selling novels.
The issue: I’m being bullied by my teacher, coach, or another adult.
How to take action: Talk with your parent or guardians.
Bullying is about power and the power dynamic between an adult and student usually favors the adult. It is generally not helpful, and often not safe, to confront an adult about their behavior. It’s important that you share what’s happening with your parents, guardians, or a trusted adult, as their advice and action is critical in this type of situation.
The issue: I’m being bullied outside of school.
How to take action: Do your best to remove yourself from the situation and report it.
Bullying can happen in the neighborhood where you live, at your favorite store, or on a city street. It’s important to know that most laws address bullying that happens at school. If you are being bullied, for example, during the summer or on weekends at your local park or grocery store, report it to the adults who are in charge. This might be the store owner, the park patrol, or even a police officer. Most bullying happens outside the view of adults, which makes it very important that you report it, so adults can keep you safe and hold those who are bullying accountable.
Be a self-advocate, learn how to create your own Student Action Plan.